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Common Surgical Eye Procedures: LASIK, Cataract

Author: Ejones Opticals
Date: July 9, 2022

Certain eye disorders and vision problems benefit from various types of surgery. There are multiple eye procedures used to doctor might consider treating some conditions.

LASIK surgery and cataract surgery are two of the most common and popular eye surgeries. They both have a high success rate with current technology and are used to treat common eye problems. With said that they are two completely different surgeries.

For refractive errors, LASIK surgery is a popular choice. This procedure improves vision, so people do not need to rely on corrective lenses like eyeglasses or contacts.

Cataract eye surgery is one of the world's most common, safest eye surgeries. Cataract Surgically removing the cloudy lens can help improve vision. It can treat Presbyopia. This is typically accomplished through a procedure in which the natural lens is replaced with a new one.

Common surgical eye procedures LASIK, Cataract

If you want to learn more about these two eye procedures or think you could benefit from one, we'll detail the differences between LASIK and cataract surgery. By the end, you'll know which one is best for you!

LASIK Surgery

LASIK is short for laser-assisted in situ keratomileuses. LASIK is the most common type of eye surgery used to correct different types of refractive error, including hyperopia, myopia, and astigmatism. The surgeon uses a cold excimer laser controlled by a computer to reshape the cornea.

There are four primary types of LASIK.

  • Waterfront-guided LASIK: This method utilizes measurements of how light passes through the eye to target individual vision and eye anatomy.
  • Wavefront-optimized or wavefront-guided LASIK:  This method utilizes detailed cornea curvature measurements to preserve the natural aspheric shape of the eye see's front surface.
  • All-laser LASIK: This type uses a femtosecond laser instead of a surgical blade.
  • Topography-guided LASIK: This type uses mapping technologies for more tailored treatment.

There are four main steps involved in this type of surgery. First, the eye surgeon uses topical eye drops to anesthetize the eye. Second, they create a corneal flap with a femtosecond laser. Third, the doctor reshapes the cornea with another laser. Finally, they replace the corneal flap.

Your ophthalmologist will perform an eye exam to determine whether or not you're eligible to qualify for a LASIK procedure. Patients must be in good health and have a solid eye health history. The good news is that this procedure has a nearly 98% success rate.

Cataract Surgery

Cataracts develop over the lens of your eye, making it cloudy. This causes vision to become hazy and blurry and colors to appear less vibrant. Cataracts are common as people age. Surgery can correct the problem, usually in less than an hour.

Currently, there are three basic types of cataract surgery.

  • Small-incision/phacoemulsification: A small incision is made on the side of the cornea, the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. Your doctor inserts a tiny probe into the eye. The lens is softened and fragmented by the ultrasonic waves emitted by this device, allowing suction to remove it. Today, phacoemulsification—known as "small incision cataract surgery"—is used for most cataract operations.
  • Laser-guided: Usually used for phaco, extracapsular cataract removal also includes this type of surgery. Your surgeon will make the corneal incision using a guided laser rather than a knife.
  • Extracapsular: While it is an important and influential form of cataract surgery, phacoemulsification is more advised due to the smaller incision in the cornea and the need for stitches following the operation. For those with bigger cataracts that are riskier to remove correctly, extracapsular cataract surgery is recommended. Your surgeon will make a larger incision with a scalpel and remove the cataract before breaking up the rest of your natural lens and removing the organ. Like phaco, an IOL is implanted after your natural lens is removed.

During cataract surgery, your eye surgeon will remove your cloudy natural lens and replace it with a clear artificial lens called an intraocular lens (IOL). Your IOL will be unique to you and chosen based on specialized measurements of your eyes.

Cataract surgery is also an outpatient procedure. At first, your vision will be blurry, but it will improve in a couple of days. During the healing process, your eyes may feel itchy and uncomfortable.

At Ejones Opticals, our goal is to improve your vision and eliminate the discomfort of most eye disorders. If you're experiencing abnormal eye symptoms, especially eye pain or vision loss, please request an eye appointment online or by calling +91 4985 205553.

People want eyecare and vision care affordable. So we are here to provide high-quality eye care.
K.S.R.T.C Complex, Payyanur
Copyright © 2020 Ejones Optical Centre | All Rights Reserved
People want eyecare and vision care affordable. So we are here to provide high-quality eye care.
K.S.R.T.C Complex, Payyanur
Copyright © 2022 Ejones Optical Centre | All Rights Reserved